Geopolitics: '9/11', the Arab Spring and a changed world order
last update: June 25, 17:23
Rome, 25 June (AKI) - A new world order has emerged after Al-Qaeda's 11 September 2001 attacks. Geopolitics has become an essential tool as it provides the key to understanding current events. These include the so-called 'Arab Spring' and the consequent rise of Islamist movements, and the crisis in the European Union that some experts say could prevent a gradual rapprochement between Germany and Russia.
Until '9/11' it was widely believed among analysts, that the geopolitics of flow was dominant over that of identities and ideologies. The attacks on the United States and the subsequent war on terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan set a vision of geopolitics that is increasingly bound up with uncertainty, with the fear of new dangers and decisions of the US - the only true superpower left.
To understand the new world order, the geopolitical theories of the past, based on the bipolar logic of the Cold War, are now outdated and new elements must be taken into consideration.These include population growth in some continents, the scarcity of natural resources and food and competition for these, the greater weight of emerging powers, pourous borders and new information technologies.
The new world order at this stage seems to be particularly influenced by technological developments and the potential of the Internet. From Facebook to Twitter, in fact, social networks are having a growing impact on global balances of power, as shown by the role they played in the 'Arab Spring', which resulted in a regional geopolitical earthquake.
Longtime autocratic rulers like Mubarak, Ben Ali and Gaddafi, have fallen one after another, upsetting political equilibriums that after a year of revolutions and the potentially devastating impact of conflict, Syrian, are hard to rebuild.
The contemporary scene therefore requires an understanding of the events which once again underlines the role of geopolitics. It is increasingly an instrument of the geographical, political, cultural, economic and technological analysis that help to understand the direction the world has taken after the attack on the Twin Towers.
Geopolitics has become a kind of compass to orient ourselves in future in a more complex and unpredictable world.
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