The world must scale up its response to the effect of climate change on agriculture, by investing in policy design, implementation capacity, people, data, innovations as well as leadership, especially for women, FAO Deputy Director-General Maria Helena Semedo said on Thursday.
Speaking at a high-level side-event of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) in Katowice, Poland, Semedo warned of the increased global hunger levels, driven largely by the impacts of climate change, conflicts, and economic slowdown.
"Our efforts to end hunger will become more challenging if warming reaches two degrees Celsius," she said.
However, "achieving Zero Hunger is still possible," she stressed, adding that in order to succeed it is essential "to define transformative actions that will reshape our food systems, sustainably and equitably for all."
Semedo also emphasized the importance of conservation of ecosystems to protect the environment and address the impacts of climate change by saying that "our soils, forests and oceans are our allies in effectively supporting climate change mitigation and the adaptation of the most vulnerable communities" and urged greater investment in the integrated and sustainable management of natural resources.
At a COP 24 side event of the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture earlier this week, FAO launched a new publication that showcases ten success stories from around the world revealing how the management of farms, crops, livestock and aquaculture can meet food security needs while building adaptation to climate change and contributing to mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
'Climate-Smart' Agriculture is an approach that helps to transform agricultural systems to ensure food security and support rural development in a changing climate.
The aim of the publication is to provide the best FAO-led examples of how CSA is not a "one-size-fits-all" approach that can be universally applied but, rather, involves different elements embedded in local contexts.
Land use factor - a missing link in addressing climate change
Semedo also spoke at the joint UN side event on SDG15: Life on Land at COP24 earlier this week.
Noting that currently the land use sector is responsible for almost a quarter of global GHG emissions, Semedo underlined that it also has great potential to store vast quantities of carbon in soils, forests and wetlands.
"We can make significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by adopting smarter, integrated farming systems, by protecting and managing forests and by shifting to approaches that use natural resources sustainably and efficiently," Semedo said.
"This way, the land use sector can change from being part of the climate problem to becoming part of the solution and deliver up to 30 percent of the climate mitigation needed by 2030," she added.
Semedo also highlighted the vital role of partnerships, innovations and technology in scaling up joint efforts to better manage forests and land.
At the UN Climate Change Conference (COP24) in Katowice, FAO supports countries to ensure that the linkages are made between climate change adaptation, mitigation, agriculture, and food security for enhanced climate action.